Bezel Setting- A type of setting where the metal rim encircles the stone completely. This type of setting keeps the stone secure and protected. It is perfect for someone with an active lifestyle. 

Blemishes- Imperfections on the outside of a diamond.

Brilliance- The total amount of light from the interior and exterior of the diamond. Brilliance is the direct result of the way the diamond was cut and polished.

Carat- The unit of measurement for semi-precious and precious stones.

Clarity- Measures the amount of inclusions or blemishes within a diamond. The fewer inclusions or blemishes, the more valuable the diamond is.

Comfort fit- Comfort rings feature a dome on the inside of the ring that make the ring easier to put on and off. It also adds cushion to the ring and makes it more comfortable to wear.

Color- A diamonds color is exactly what it sounds like. It is the color of the diamond. Diamonds come in many different colors, but the most valuable diamonds are colorless.

Cut- Refers to the angels, proportions, and faceting arrangements of the stone. Cut does not refer to the shape of the diamond.

Diamantaire- The experts that cut the diamonds into gems. Diamantaires can also be manufacturers and producers of diamonds.

Facets- Reflect the brilliance of a diamond. When the diamond is cut it creates smooth angled planes that reflect the light into the diamond, these are the diamonds facets.

Fancy cut- Any cut that is not round is known as a fancy cut.

Flawless- A diamond is known as flawless when it exhibits no internal inclusions or external blemishes.

Halo- A type of setting where the center stone is surrounded with pave diamonds.

Hardness- Refers to how scratch resistant the stone is.

Inclusions- The small imperfections inside of a diamond, such as air bubbles or spots.

Luster- Refers to the sharpness of the light’s reflection from the pearl’s surface.

Mohs scale- Mohs scale was created by Friedrich Mohs, a German mineralogist. It is used to classify the hardness of minerals. It is a scale from 1-10, with 1 being the least hard and 10 being the hardest.

Mounting- What a gemstone is set into to keep it secure and protected. Mountings can be in many different metals. The most popular are platinum, silver, and gold.

Nacre- The thickness of the pearl’s coating.

Pave- A setting where small gemstones are set into the mounting. Since they are so small and close together it looks as if the ring was paved with gemstones.

Prong setting- A type of setting where four to six metal prongs extend out from the band and grip the stone securely in place.

Shank- The part of the ring that wraps around your finger.

Shape- The shape of a diamond or gemstone. There are many different shapes a gemstone can take.

  • Ascher- stepped, square cut with cropped corners

  • Round brilliant cut -  round cut with many facets to have exceptional brilliance

  • Princess- square

  • Emerald cut- rectangle

  • Cushion- square with rounded corners

  • Pear shape

  • Radiant- rectangle with rounded corners, but can be more square shaped

  • Marquise- oblong with pointed ends

  • Trillion- triangular

  • Heart

Solitaire- Any piece of jewelry that features a single diamond.

Sparkle- Also known as scintillation. Refers to the dancing of light from facet to facet as the diamond moves in the light.

Come by Malak Jewelers and check out our stunning selection of diamond rings.

Malak Jewelers is Charlotte, North Carolina’s premier direct diamond importer, supplier of loose diamonds, and custom design jewelry. When you buy from Malak you receive 100 Day Price Protection and a Lifetime Upgrade Promise. Be sure to check out our wide variety of diamond engagement rings both in our online catalogue and at our store in Charlotte, North Carolina's Arboretum Shopping Center.