So, you're buying an engagement ring. Congratulations! As you take this step, however, you might find yourself confused by all the terminology involved in jewelry. It's a lot to keep straight. If you find yourself overwhelmed by all the different options, have no fear as Malak Jewelers is here to make things clear.

Settings

Settings refers to the way in which a stone is held in place on a ring. So, a setting is different from a gem cut, which refers to the shape of the stone. All gems need a setting when they are used in jewelry -- otherwise, the stones would just fall off! There are numerous different settings, and all have pros and cons. If you're trying to decide which setting is right for you, read on to find out!

Prong

A prong setting is the most traditional and most common setting. In a prong-set ring, the jewel is held in place by small pieces of metal, or prongs. Usually, a ring will have four prongs, though there is a special Tiffany set that uses six.

The fabulous aspect of a prong setting is that it minimizes the metal on the gemstone, while the downside is that it is not necessarily the most secure. A prong set ring should be adjusted frequently (every few years) to ensure that the stone is not coming loose. A prong set ring can also snare, making them less ideal for people with an active lifestyle.

Bezel

A bezel setting is a good alternative for people with active lifestyles. In a bezel set ring, the stone is surrounded by a thin band of metal which secures it to the ring. The rim can fully surround the stone or can partially surround the stone.

The best thing  of a bezel setting is that it secures the stone more safely. It is also less likely to snag on anything, since there is nothing protruding from the ring, and since there is more metal involved, so there is less visibility on the gem.

Tension

A tension setting is where the stone is held in place by the tension of the metal forming the ring. Small grooves are cut into the metal to hold the ring. A partial tension setting has the appearance of tension, but may have small, hidden prongs or bezels set underneath.

The best part of a tension setting is that it balances a minimum of metal and security for the stone. Tension settings are also unique, while it does become difficult to resize the ring if you need to readjust.  

Pavé

A pavé setting has numerous small stones set into the metal with very small prongs or beads. Micropavé is the same thing, just with smaller diamonds. Pavé settings work well for decorating the band.

The pavé setting is that you can add extra sparkle to your ring, and it may be a difficult to clean.

Channel/Bar

A channel setting is where the stones are set within the metal. Metal surrounds the stone on all sides, and stones are lined up along the band. A bar setting is similar, but there is only metal on two sides.

The channel/bar setting is secure and unlikely to snag on anything, but the settings are difficult to repair.

Halo/Cluster

A halo setting is where many smaller stones are set in a circle around the center stone. A cluster setting is similar, but the center stone is generally the same size as the others, creating a cluster of similar-sized stones.

The halo/cluster setting is that you get more bling for your buck, while these types of rings are more difficult to clean.

Flush

A flush setting is where the stone is set into the ring, in a hole drilled to size. This features the stone completely embedded directly in the ring.

The great thing of a flush setting is that it is the most secure setting, while this setting is offers the least stone visibility.