Guide to Gemstones
One of the two birthstones of June. Alexandrite gemstones, like Emeralds, are extremely rare to find as their color changes depending on the lighting. Its color can be a lovely, cool green in daylight and fluorescent light, while it changes color to a purplish red in incandescent light.
Amethyst is the mystical looking stone for February. It is a variety of Quartz which carries a dramatic purple tone that ranges anywhere from a shadowy indigo to a less dramatic lavender color. According to the Ancient Greeks, this stone is said to protect whoever wears it from drunkenness and allows that person to maintain a balanced mindset.
The mezmerizing Aquamarine is the birthstone for March. Its intense color has been known to be a symbol of adolescence, health and hope. When looking at different shades of Aquamarine, you may see light and dark shades of blue.
Citrine is one of November's birthstones. Citrine holds a warm color that is thought to be from the sun, offering healing powers. The name Citrine, which is French for “lemon”, fits well with its color range of juicy lemon yellow to a bright orangey brown. Some of the most sought-after Citrine gemstones have a clear, radiant yellowish to brownish red color.
In ancient times, Citrine was carried as a protection against snake venom and evil thoughts. Today, Citrine is known as the merchant’s stone and is associated with success and prosperity.
The classic diamond is the luxurious birthstone for the month of April. The diamond is most commonly associated with love! Although white diamonds are the most common that can be given, there are also various colors of diamonds such as pink, blue, black and many more.
The enchanting birthstone for May is Emerald. An Emerald carries a very rich romantic color. They are considered to be a strong symbol of rebirth and love. Although many birthstones are rare, the Emerald is classified as the rarest of them all. They can typically be discovered in Columbia, Brazil, Afghanistan and Zambia.
Garnet is the stunning birthstone for January. Although the most common color for Garnet is a shade of red, it can also be seen in many other colors. These colors can consist of blazing oranges and forest-like greens. The stone is said to represent friendship and trust.
Lapis Lazuli has been one of the most desired stones since the beginning of time. Its rich blue color is the symbol of royalty and honor and is known to be a universal symbol of wisdom and truth.
The phenomenal Lapis Lazuli is formed from multiple minerals and is mostly made up of Lazurite, Sodalite, Calcite and Pyrite. In ancient Persia and pre-Columbian America, Lapis Lazuli was a symbol of the starry night. This particular stone was used in Greek and Roman times as an ornamental stone, and in medieval Europe, Lapis Lazuli resembled the blue of the heavens, and was believed to counteract the trickery of the spirits of darkness and procure the aid and favor of the spirits of light and wisdom. Processed and ground into a fine powder, it produces an intense, but expensive, ultramarine color.
Each gemstone holds meaning, history and an element of power. The Moonstone is best known for holding the power of mystery. This gemstone is meant to help with ones’ inward journey and to address the parts of the soul that have been forgotten or are missing, and it brings them back to life.
Moonstone has been used in Roman jewelry for nearly two thousand years and even longer than this in the parts of Asia. It has always been a sacred stone in India with a special significance for lovers, and is a traditional wedding gift there.
There are variances of Moonstone, some of which can be found below.
Blue, or Cat's Eye Moonstone:
This is known to promote the clarity of mind and inner vision, keeping one focused while in a meditative or altered state of awareness.
This stone can also be called the "New Moon Stone" and carries the mysteries and powers of the new moon, where all things exist as potential.
This stone is known to carry the energy of the new moon at the height of its power, stimulating psychic perception, vision and dream work.
Peach or Yellow Moonstone:
This stone is known to support the heart as it stimulates the mind, soothing worry or anxiety, and brings out the best in people.
This Moonstone is very unique as its acts as a prism, diffusing energy throughout the aura.
With its gentle pink energy, Morganite adjusts to the heart. It is known as a cleansing stone as it removes anxiety, wounds and traumas from within the body.
This particular stone attracts the wealth of love into one’s life and assists in maintaining the love as it continues to grow. It promotes loving thoughts and actions, consideration and responsibility, as well as being receptive to love from others.
Morganite is the pink version of Beryl, a beryllium aluminum silicate. It takes on a slight pastel or pale color and is best known for its transparent peach-pink color.
Opal is one of the October birthstones. It is very unique because each specific gem has a one-of-a-kind color combination! Some prefer the calming flashes of blues and greens; others love the bright reds and yellows. With its rainbow of colors, as you turn and move the Opal the color plays and shifts, giving you a gem that can be worn with a plethora of ensembles.
The stone, Paraiba is very small, rare and precious. It claims a turquoise green color, one that cannot be found in any other gemstone in the entire world. The color is developed from a strong copper presence located within the stone.
This particular stone was not discovered until the 1980’s and was found in the Federal Brazilian State of Paraiba. It took more than 9 years to establish a fine enough collection of the Paraiba.
Pearls are one of the gemstones of June. They have been around for thousands of years. It is believed that human beings discovered them while searching the seashore for food. Throughout history, pearls have been one of the most highly prized gems. In fact, pearls were the earliest known gems to be coveted, long before diamonds and gold. Unlike gemstones and other precious metals that are mined from the earth, living organisms far below the surface of the sea grow pearls. These are born complete from oysters and they do not need to be cut or polished; they are beautiful as is.
The curious birthstone for August is entitled Peridot. Peridot holds a strong lime green color and it is one of the few gemstones that only consists of one true shade. Legend tells us that Peridot is believed to inspire power and influence. In addition to this, it also can protect the owner against nightmares.
Rubellite is a special stone that symbolizes strong passion for love and life.
This stone links to the heart of the Earth and is said to open up those who possess it to love.
The name Rubellite originated from the Latin word, rubellus, which translates to “reddish,” and refers to the similarity of its color to that of the Ruby, though most Rubellites look more pink than red. They vary in hue from pale to shocking pink to a bold ruby-red, and sometimes have a violet tint.
The Ruby is the captivating stone for July. Rubies are considered to be the king of gems, representing love, health and wisdom. It is said that wearing a Ruby brings the owner good fortune. The value of a ruby is based upon its color and its quality, and depending on these two factors the value will increase!
Sapphire is the magical stone for September. It is one of the most desired stones and is unlike any other birthstone color. During the Middle Ages, the Saphire was believed to protect those close to you from harm while also representing loyalty and trust.
Spinel is often mistaken for rubies or sapphires. It is known to bring high energy to those who carry it. In addition, it has been rumored that this stone attracts money, wealth and prosperity. From a physical standpoint, Spinel is used for aura cleaning and channeling. People who are struggling with stress and depression could benefit from this stones power, in addition someone who battles forgetfulness may also want to use this stone to enhance their memory.
Tazanite is one of the three gemstones of December. Tanzanite is a one-of-a-kind gemstone unlike any other and can only be found in one place on Earth: the foothills of Mount Kilimanjaro. This gem possesses an exotic velvety blue with a rich overtone of purple, a color unlike any other.
One of today’s most popular blue gemstones, Tanzanite comes in a variety of shapes, sizes and striking assortments of blue tones. Rarely pure blue, Tanzanite almost always displays its signature overtones of purple. In smaller sizes, Tanzanite usually contains lighter tones and the lavender color is more common. While in larger sizes, Tanzanite typically displays a deeper, richer and beautiful blue.
Topaz is one of the November gemstones. Topaz holds a very rich tone and can come in shades of yellow, brown, honey, green, blue, red, pink and sometimes no color at all. Topaz is often found in an amber gold, yellow, or a blushing pink orange but a pale pink or a sherry red Topaz is very exceptional. The most prized color of Topaz is called Imperial Topaz and features a magnificent orange with pink undertones. Blue, once the most rare color of Topaz, is the most common today due to man’s ability to enhance its color; Topaz with a naturally blue color is very rare.
The ancient Egyptians and Romans associated this golden gem with the sun god giving it the power to protect and heal. Legend says that topaz dispels enchantment. With its worldwide mass appeal throughout the centuries, once you find that perfect Topaz you’ll soon be under its spell.
Tourmaline is one the October gemstones. Tourmaline is a very desired gem because it can come in a variety of colors and lives up to its name, which means “mixed stone”. With a rainbow of colors, Tourmaline can easily enhance any jewelry collection. Cranberry red, hot magenta, bubblegum pink, peach and orange, canary yellow, mint, grass and forest green, ocean blue, violet: Tourmaline is all of these and more.
Tourmaline is also known for displaying several colors in one gemstone. These bi-color or tri-color gems are formed in many combinations and are highly prized. One multi-color variety is known as Watermelon Tourmaline and features green, pink, and white color bands. To resemble its namesake, the gemstone is cut into thin slices having a pink center, white ring, and green edge.
Turquoise is one of December's gemstones. Turquoise is among the oldest known gemstones and its popularity has spanned the globe for centuries. It graced the necks of Egyptian Pharaohs and adorned the ceremonial dress of early Native Americans. This beautiful blue gemstone has been attributed with healing powers, promoting the wearer’s status and wealth, protecting from evil and bringing good luck.
Turquoise is an opaque, light to dark blue or blue-green gem with its finest color being an intense blue. Turquoise may contain narrow veins of other materials either isolated or as a network. They are usually black, brown, or yellowish-brown in color. Known as the matrix, these veins of color are sometimes in the form of an intricate pattern, called a spider web.
Turquoise is one of December's gemstones. Zircon is available in beautiful earth tones of green, dark red, yellow, brown, and orange. Today, the most popular colors of Zircon are the vivid blue and bright Caribbean Sea colors.
In the Middle Ages, Zircon was said to aid in resting, bring prosperity and promote honor and wisdom in its owner.
The spectrum of beautiful colors, its rarity and affordability are why it is becoming more popular today. Some gem collectors seek out Zircon from different locations capturing gems in every color of the rainbow – colorless, green, blue, yellow, brown, orange, dark red, and all the colors in between.